According to the US Center for Disease Control and Prevention, tick-borne illnesses are increasing among the people in the US. A case study reported in medical journal of Pediatrics that two newborn babies are suffering from these diseases. New tick germs species are causing severe illness among the people in the US. In 2017, the reported cases of these diseases are increasing in numbers from 48,000 to 60,000 and still increasing. Tick-borne diseases should be treated as early as possible because untreated patients can lose everything. So there is an urgent need to prevent and protect people from tick bites.
The common symptoms in the initial phase include fever, rashes, and irritability. A recent study states that uncommon symptoms seen in babies are anemia, low blood platelet count, and increased heart rate. Many such unusual cases were noted with different symptoms in the US. In the past two decades, it has been found that seven tick-borne germs are spreading among people. Programs are organized to do more research to find places where people are at risk. According to Public Health England, tick-borne germs might have entered due to migratory birds in the UK, or another possibility is pets from Europe. May to October is a period where most of the ticks are active.
Tick-Borne Disease Working Group committee was established in 2016 to work on problems regarding public health. The reasons for spreading tick-borne germs over a large geographical area are still not known. There is a possibility that vector-borne diseases are increasing due to different climatic conditions that are not yet found. A study found that tick species can have a lifecycle of 2-3 years. Other factors that may be responsible for tick germs to spread include temperature, rainfall, humidity, and germs spreading animals. The number of species may vary in different regions, countries, etc. It is recommended that people should take some simple steps to protect and avoid family from infectious tick bites which include avoid walking in high grass and use products that contain permethrin to treat clothing.